Trabzon is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. Trabzon, located on the historical Silk Road, became a melting pot of religions, languages and culture for centuries and a trade gateway to the southeast and the northeast. The city is hosting a population of around 766.782 residents and has a total area of 4.685 km².
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GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Trabzon is the emerald green city of the Black Sea Coast. Spread along the shores of the Black Sea, Trabzon has a climate typical of the region. In summer the temperature is pleasantly cool, and in winter it is mild with an annual average temperature of 14.5 °C. It has a relatively high rainfall all year round, producing a landscape of lush greenery. Dense pine forests cover the mountains, and an abundance of crops flourish in the lower elevations and valleys. The area is home to many beautiful species of plant and wildlife, many unique to the region.
The unusual and varied landscape has shaped the industry and culture of the area. The villages in the area were established in the valleys extending seawards from the mountains. Here the villagers cultivate crops such as tea, hazelnuts and maize and breed livestock. From June onwards, there is a general migration from the villages to the mountain plateau or ‘yayla’ where they take their livestock to graze in the fresh and green pastures.